Today there are about 150 million olive trees in Greece, 2,800 olive mills and 600 thousand families sustain themselves cultivating olives. Apart from its economic dimension, olive cultivation is of great social and environmental importance for Greece as it avoids soil erosion, offer shelter,
food and protection to numerous species of microorganisms, small and large animals, birds, etc. contributing to the preservation of the biodiversity of the areas.
Following the intensification of agriculture, orchard management is being redirected to environmentally friendly and rational production systems. Thus, more and more environmentally friendly practices of integrated olive grove management are sought.